IVF is the process by which eggs are removed from your ovaries of the female and mixed with sperm in a laboratory culture dish. Fertilisation takes place in this dish, "in vitro", which means "in glass".
Thousands of IVF babies have been born since the first in 1978.
IVF is recommended for the following fertility problems:
Step 1: Fertility drugs are prescribed to control the timing of the egg ripening and to increase the chance of collecting multiple eggs during female’s cycle. This is also called ovulation induction. Multiple eggs are desired because some eggs may not develop or fertilize after retrieval. Egg development is monitored using ultrasound to examine the ovaries, and urine or blood test samples are taken to check hormone levels.
Step 2: Eggs are retrieved from the female through a minor surgical procedure that uses ultrasound imaging to guide a hollow needle through the pelvic cavity. Sedation and local anesthesia are provided to reduce and remove potential discomfort. The eggs are removed from the ovaries using a hollow needle, a procedure called follicular aspiration. Some women may experience cramping on the day of retrieval, which usually subsides the following day.
Step 3: Sperm, obtained by man’s ejaculation is washed and prepared for combining with the eggs.
Step 4: In a process called insemination, the sperm and eggs are placed in incubators located in the laboratory. The incubator enables fertilization to occur. In some cases where there is a lower probability of fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be used. Through this procedure, best sperms are selected and a single sperm is injected directly into each egg to achieve fertilization. The eggs are monitored to confirm that fertilization and cell division are taking place. Once this occurs, the fertilized eggs are called embryos.
Step 5: The embryos are usually transferred into the woman's uterus from two to five days later, but in most cases the transfer occurs between two to three days following egg retrieval. At this stage, the fertilized egg has developed into a two-to-four cell embryo. The transfer process involves a speculum which is inserted into the vagina to expose the cervix. A predetermined number of embryos are suspended in fluid and gently placed through a catheter into the womb. This process is often guided by ultrasound. The procedure is usually painless, but some women experience mild cramping.
These steps are followed by rest and watching for early pregnancy symptoms. A blood test and potentially an ultrasound will be used to determine if successful implantation and pregnancy have occurred.
Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) are two procedures related to IVF.
GIFT is similar to IVF, but the gametes (egg and sperm) are transferred to the fallopian tubes rather than the uterus, and fertilization takes place in the tubes rather than in the laboratory. GIFT also involves a laparoscopic surgical procedure to transfer the sperm and egg into the tubes.
ZIFT differs from GIFT in that the fertilization process still takes place in the laboratory versus the fallopian tubes. It is similar to GIFT in that the embryo is transferred into fallopian tubes, and it involves a laparoscopic surgical procedure.
The success rate of IVF clinics depends on a number of factors including patient characteristics and treatment approaches. It is also important to understand that pregnancy rates are not the same as live birth rates. The average pregnancy rates of Go IVF clinics in India are:
IVF may be done with a couple’s own eggs and sperm or withdonor eggs, sperm, or embryos. Some couples choose to use donor eggs, sperm, or donated embryos because of genetic concerns. Go IVF offers Indian and Caucasian egg donors for donor IVF cycle.
The decision of the number of embryos to be transferred is taken by the IVF specialist after the IVF process. As per the embryo quality, number of mature embryos, cell division etc. she will take a call on the number of embryos to be transferred in you. She will also consul you and then do the transfer. The IVF specialist will normally transfer 3 - 4 good looking embryos in the female intended parent.
If you are coming for IVF with your own eggs, you will needs to stay for 18 – 21 days in India. A hotel or a decent guest house near the clinic can be arranged for you. The cost of the accommodation can range from USD 30 – 200 per night.
IVF at one of our IVF centre in India can cost you between USD 4500 – 5500 for the entire cycle with your own eggs. Hormonal medications are included in the package. If you need an egg donor too, there would be an additional cost as per the donor selected (Indian / Caucasian). Go IVF offer you host of services in the package. To know the package details, clinic here.
You can contact us by filling out a form or emailing us.We will get the opinion of the IVF specialist and send you a few medical tests list that she will need to opine on your case. Once these medical tests are reviewed by her, we can plan for your IVF cycle the next month or as per your schedule.