PCOS- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome. PCOS is an endocrine disorder, which affects the female’s reproductive duration. Several of the hurdles have to be faced by the women, who are in the clutch of PCOS syndrome. During this issue, small fluid-filled sacs develop on the female’s ovaries.
Generally, it is seen that women, who face this issue, have trouble losing weight, and they are over-weight. PCOS common symptoms are – infertility- why this infertility? This is because if any woman is unable to perform her natural (menstrual) cycle and have an excess of androgen level, then the female can come with as an infertile female.
PCOS, if treated earlier then it can be sorted out in a pleasant time. Losing the weight also decreases, the risk of health risks for example high cholesterol, heart disease, high BP, type two diabetes etc. This article is all about PCOS causes symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of PCOS. Go IVF Surrogacy is a leading IVF and Surrogacy company that understands the needs and concern of the couple, expert in solving the cases of PCOS issue.
Let’s read the symptoms of PCOS disorder –
- One of the common symptoms of PCOS is the growth of cysts on the ovaries
- Irregular or infrequent menses
- Acne, scalp hair loss, oily skin, and dandruff issue
- Women with PCOS have trouble in losing the weight or gaining the weight
- Due to this cause, many of the females suffer from infertility
- High-stress level
- High Blood Pressure
- Suffers from pelvic pain
- Excessive facial hair growth and on another region (chest, back region etc.)
- Male pattern Balding (due to the high level of androgen)
- Decreased libido
- Heart disease & Type 2 diabetes
These are some of the common symptoms of PCOS disorder.
Important Key points on PCOS disorder –
- Approximately 60-70% of the ovulatory issue (related to fertility) is due to PCOS
- PCOS is somehow directly related to the growth of other medical conditions such as insulin resistance, high cholesterol, heart disease or type 2 diabetes
- Most women with PCOS, have small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) on their ovaries and this leads to an imbalance in hormone levels
- Women who get pregnant with PCOS, have a large risk of miscarriage, premature delivery or other issues during the delivery procedure
What Causes PCOS?
The actual cause of PCSO is unknown but there are some of the points that appear to be connected with the cause of PCOS, they are –
- Insulin Resistance
- Family History
Insulin Resistance –
Insulin’s role is to keep the glucose level in the body from rising once after eating but if anyone’s body is insulin resistant, then the insulin might not able to keep the glucose level stable in the body and just because of insulin is not working effectively, the body will produce more insulin. This will create a high level of the production of androgen like testosterone in the female’s ovaries.
This is the main reason for excessive hair growth, acne, irregular periods, trouble in the ovulation cycle etc. 70-80% of women with PCOS have insulin resistance factor.
Lifestyle factors –
Being over-weight because of an unhealthy diet or not doing physical activity also increases the factor of insulin resistance. Women who even not have PCOS issue and if she is over-weight can have the form of insulin resistance too.
This means women with PCOS can have:
- Insulin resistance because of genetic factors
- Insulin resistance as a result of being overweight (related to diet and inactivity)
- Combination of both of these factors Family History –
PCOS also has a genetic component; family relatives of women with PCOS disorder have up to 40-50% chances to have this disorder. This family link is one of the main risk factors.
Wight is also one of the crucial factors that worsen the insulin resistance factor and so does the symptoms of PCOS in women. Many of the women with PCOS issue are found to be inappropriate weight and not have the symptoms of the irregular menstrual cycle or excessive hair growth; these are those symptoms, which direct links to over-weight. That’s why, a healthy lifestyle, balanced diet and doing physical activity help to treat PCOS syndrome.
PCOS Treatment –
A doctor can easily diagnose the condition of PCOS through a medical history, blood tests to measure cholesterol, glucose level or a physical exam, which include a pelvic exam etc.
Home Remedies –
There are several home remedies to control PCOS disorder; they are –
- Ask with your doctor to give you a proper diet chart
- Stick on a healthy and nutritious balanced diet
- Do physical activity such as yoga, exercise, walking etc.
- Stop smoking as this increases the level of androgen and also a risk for heart disease
Maintain a Healthy Diet
Women with PCOS, generally have an issue in their fertility, there are given treatments that will help the PCOS women to achieve healthy pregnancy –
- Birth Control Pills
- Fertility medications (during this medication, Clomiphene, injectable Gonadotropins (such as FSH, LH- Luteinizing hormone) are given to the female)
- With the help of fertility treatments – One of the best and widely accepted fertility treatments is IVF, i.e. In Vitro Fertilization.
If the woman is experiencing excessive hair growth, then with the help of the drug known as – Aldactone, Vaniqa, Propecia, this disorder can be solved (not for those women, who are trying to get pregnant).