Decades ago, there was less population of infertile couples, on the other hand, now if we count in India, there are more than 27 million of couples who are facing downside days of their infertility.
Infertility- Have you ever thought about the specific cause why this occurs. If no, then here you are on the right click to know each and every minute detail about Infertility- its cause, how it can be cured etc.
When to think that you are in the clutch of infertility?
This is when, if you have been trying best (for more than one year) by doing sexual intercourse to get conceived but you are not able to- here you are called as an infertile couple. Infertility was quite common amongst females at one time but now infertile males are also at the queue and that too at an expanding level.
Therefore, Infertility is best defined as- when a couple becomes impotent or unfit to conceive after having regular unprotected intercourse (for at least 12 months).
Infertility in Women –
Infertility in women is most commonly caused by female’s ovulation. Ovulation is referred to as the work by ovaries to unleash healthy eggs. Each month a female produces a single egg from the ovary, if the sperm is not there in the fallopian tube then within 12-24 hour it comes along with the bleeding from the vagina, which is said as female’s menstruation cycle.
Menstruation and ovulation are co-related with each other, if the female has issued in her menses or monthly cycle, then she might be in the group of Infertility. This statement is appropriate only for those females, who are experiencing irregular menstruation cycle, heavy bleeding during periods, or severe cramps during these days for the quite long time.
Ovulation issue can be a result of below some points –
- PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome) – this is a case when several cysts develop on the ovaries, these cysts are often unable to unleash an egg, that means no ovulation, if no ovulation case will happen then it is but obvious that the concerned female will be unable to give birth. Due to PCOS, a female may face- irregular periods, have an increased level of male hormone (androgen)- where female experiences unwanted hair growth on the face or another region of the body and may be female’s ovaries become enlarged and comprises of fluid-filled follicles.
- Premature Ovarian failure – This is the situation when female ovaries stop functioning its own function before the female’s age of 40.
- Thyroid issue
Cervical Mucus –
If the female has cervical mucus problem, then by that time also, the female cannot perform fertilization inside her uterus. When a female ovulates, mucus in her cervix gets thinner so that sperm can easily go through near the eggs for insemination and fertilization. If this mucus gets harder then it will be difficult for the sperm to travel smoothly and reach near the egg.
It is a common issue of female’s infertility, where endometrium (uterine wall lining) starts developing in other places of the reproductive parts like female’s ovaries etc. This all symptoms can lead to the fertility-related issue.
Male Infertility –
If talking about male infertility causes, then we have some most common cause of male infertility and those are –
Semen quality (sperm quality)
Yes! This is one of the significant factors, which contributes to the success rate of pregnancy. If the male is not producing normal sperms at the time of ejaculation then by that time it is No for fertilization. To achieve healthy fertilization, sperm must be –
- Sperm must be in healthy and normal shape
- Sufficient count of sperms
- Sperm must be motile
If these three factors are there in the male sperms then beyond a shadow of a doubt, penetration/fusion of the sperms with the egg will occur successfully.
Injured Testicles –
Sperms are produced in the testicles, if the testicles are injured or damaged then it directly affects sperm quality.
Ejaculation disorders –
Some of the male experiences ejaculation disorder, which make hard for them to unleash semen during intercourse.
Addiction to drugs, drinking habit and chewing tobacco- these are all the factors that make male impotent to produce healthy and motile sperms or they lack insufficient count of sperms.
What are essential requirements for a couple to become pregnant?
- To achieve healthy fertilization, a woman must lay out healthy eggs at the time of ovulation
- Sperms must be motile and should be more than average
- The fertilized egg must attach the exact place in the uterus
Infertility treatment –
Now, if we talk about the treatment of infertility, then here is what IVF comes. IVF is known as In Vitro fertilization, where fertilization happens outside the human body.
This is the medications, which can be called as the universal remedy to untwist the matter of infertility. IVF is best for those females who are having the issue in their ovulation cycle.
IVF is appropriate for –
Women who have had their fallopian tubes removed
- Women whose fallopian tubes either damaged or blocked
- Improper ovulation cycle / premature ovarian failure
- Male factor infertility (if the male produces a low count of sperm then by that time IVF with ICSI is done)
- Male or female having any genetic disorder
- Unknown/ unexplained infertility
The procedure of IVF treatment and its success rate-
At the initial level of this medication, a woman has to take medications (fertility drugs and hormonal injections), these medications are given in order to enhance and facilitate more eggs at the time of ovulation.
These eggs are monitored by transvaginal ultrasounds and blood hormonal tests. Once it becomes confirmed that eggs are enough matured and read to obtain, there is the next process- egg retrieval starts.
During egg retrieval, eggs are obtained with the assistance of a hollow needle. These eggs are kept in a petri dish. A semen sample is also collected by the male partner on the same day. Sperms are mixed with the egg in order to get fertilized. Once the motile sperm gets penetrated with the egg, within 3-4 days of it, the formation of the embryo begins. Within 3-4 days of fertilization, selected best two embryos are placed into the uterus for implantation.
Within a week or so, the female has to visit the clinic for further checkups (whether the embryo has attached with the uterine wall or not, if it is then pregnancy chances is more. IVF success rate largely depends upon the age of the female. If the female’s age is below than 35 there are 60-65% chances to get the favorable result by IVF treatment. As the age increases, possibility to get positive result decreases.
So, Yes! Here we are, giving all the inside story of IVF treatment and Infertility symptoms and causes. Hope this information made your confusion cleared about infertility and IVF.