The following are some common treatments to treat the men low sperm count and these are:
a) Surgery: Your fertility expert will perform surgery through which he/she will correct a varicocele or an obstructed vas deferens can be repaired. The prior vasectomies can also be reversed. In cases, the sperms are not available in men’s ejaculate that can be retrieved directly from the testicles or epididymis using sperm retrieval techniques.
b) Treatments for intercourse issues: This can be treated by taking medication or counseling which can help in improving the fertility in conditions such as erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation.
c) Hormone treatments and medications: Your fertility expert at Go IVF Surrogacy will recommend hormone replacement or medication treatment and this will be recommended when the infertility is caused by high or low levels of certain hormones with the way the body uses hormones.
d) Treating infections: Your fertility expert will recommend some antibiotics which can cure an infection of the reproductive tract, but this treatment does not always restore fertility.
e) Assisted reproductive technology (ART): ART is a procedure in which your fertility experts will obtain sperm through normal ejaculation, surgical extraction or from donor individuals, and this will depend on your specific situation. The sperm is then inserted into the women uterus, or that will be used for IVF or Intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
What are the symptoms of low sperm count?
The main symptom of low sperm count is the inability to conceive a child. There are cases where are some underlying problem such as an inherited hormonal imbalance, dilated testicular veins or a condition which blocks the sperm passage which may cause signs and symptoms. The following are the low sperm count symptoms:
- Male member dealing with the problems of sexual function, for example, he may face difficulty while maintaining an erection or low sex drive.
- Male member dealing with pain, swelling or a lump in his testicle area.
- There is a decreased facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosome or hormone abnormality.
What are the reasons for low sperm count?
The following can be the reasons for low sperm count and these are:
a) Medical Problems: A condition which is known as varicocele that causes swelling of the veins that drain the testicles and is the most common and reversible cause of low sperm count. There are certain infections which can interfere with sperm production. Medications which can cause ejaculatory problems, cancers, and tumors, etc. are all other medical reasons for oligospermia which results in low sperm count.
b) Environmental factors: An environmental factor includes the exposure to industrial chemicals and radiation and overheating of the testicles. The production of sperm mainly depends on the temperature of the testicles. The scrotum regulates the temperature of the testes. However, if there is an extreme heat situation, the natural cooling of scrotums could be insufficient to prevent the rise in testicular temperature. It has been found that the increase in temperature affects both the quality and quantity of the production of the sperm.
c) Lifestyle and health issues: The excessive use of drugs, consumption of alcohol and smoking, unhealthy eating habits, sedentary lifestyle, wearing tight clothes, excess body weight, emotional stress, etc. are factors which affect the quality of the sperm production.
How to prevent low sperm count?
To prevent the low sperm count you need to avoid some factors which are affecting the sperm count and these are as follows:
- Avoid smoking
- Try to limit the consumption of alcohol.
- Before taking any medicine to speak to your fertility expert whether the medication is affecting the quality and quantity of your sperm production.
- Maintain ideal body weight according to your body mass index (BMI).
- Avoid heat
- Avoid pesticides, heavy metals, and other toxins.
- Avoid stress
What tests your fertility experts recommend to identify the low sperm count?
The following are some common tests which your fertility expert will recommend so that they can identify the low sperm count and these are:
a) Scrotal ultrasound: The fertility expert will conduct this test so that with the help of high-frequency sound waves they are able to look at the testicles and supporting structures.
b) Hormonal testing: Your fertility expert will recommend a blood test which helps in determining the level of hormones produced by the pituitary gland and testicles and this play a key role in sexual development and sperm production.
c) Testicular biopsy: Your fertility expert will perform this test in which he/she will remove the samples from the testicle with a needle. After the testicular biopsy, your fertility expert is able to confirm whether the sperm production is normal. If it is then your problem is likely caused by a blockage or another problem with sperm transport. However, this test is not commonly used to diagnose the cause of infertility.
d) Genetic tests: When the concentration of the sperm is extremely low the reason could be a genetic disorder. Your fertility expert will recommend a blood test which can reveal whether there are subtle changes in the Y chromosome which is a sign of a genetic abnormality. Genetic testing is also recommended to diagnose various congenital or inherited syndromes.
e) Post-ejaculation urinalysis: This test is conducted to indicate that sperm in your urine is traveling backward into the bladder instead of out your penis during ejaculation.
f) Transrectal ultrasound: During Transrectal ultrasound your fertility expert will insert a small lubricated wand into your rectum to check your prostate and check for blockages of the tubes which carry semen.
g) Anti-sperm antibody tests: These tests are conducted to check for immune cells which attack sperm and affect their ability to function properly.
h) Test for sperm function: Your fertility expert will perform the number of tests to check how well your sperm survive after ejaculation, are they able to penetrate an egg and whether there’s any problem while attaching to the women egg. These are the tests which are rarely performed and do not have any significant change treatment recommendations.