IVF or Test tube baby- What is it and how is it performed?
Test-tube baby is the simple term for the most famous fertility treatment known as IVF or In Vitro Fertilization. IVF is the first treatment option that comes to the mind of the couple dealing with infertility and wondering the best fertility treatment for completing their family. It is an extensively used ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) method to help couples get pregnant with the assistance of reproductive treatment. The test-tube baby treatment is becoming increasingly popular as it offers the benefit of having a child without actually undergoing the natural process of attaining conception.
In vitro means in a glass, this means that the fertilization occurs in a glass or outside the woman’s body. In the course of the test tube baby treatment, the intended parents undergoing the treatment are asked to provide their gametes for facilitating the process of fertilization; the male partner has to provide his semen sample and the female has to give her eggs. Once the gametes are obtained, they are combined in a petri dish in a lab. This mixing leads to fertilization and the formation of an embryo, which then gets transferred to the woman’s womb with the help of a process called embryo transfer. After two weeks, blood tests and pregnancy tests are done to confirm a healthy pregnancy.
Surrogacy- Process and types
Surrogacy is an arrangement that involves utilizing the pregnancy or surrogacy services of a woman called a surrogate mother. The surrogate mother carries the pregnancy on behalf of the infertile couples who hire her in order to have a baby. After nine months, surrogate hands over the baby to the intended parents and revoke any rights on the child. It is a legally transparent arrangement or contract as both the parties sign an agreement that describes their roles and duties as to the surrogacy process and none of them can deny performing their part after signing the agreement.
Different Types of Surrogacy
Surrogacy is one of the most advanced ways of having a baby as it offers the advantage of having a baby without actually requiring the intending mother to carry the baby. There are two main types of surrogacy arrangements that are explained below.
Traditional Surrogacy: Traditional surrogacy is a process in which the doctor artificially inseminates the surrogate with the sperms. The surrogate mother attains pregnancy and carries the baby till term and delivers it to the intended parents in due course. This type of surrogacy arrangement is less desirable as the child does not share biological ties with the intended parents. However, the child may get genetically related to the father if his sperms were used for insemination.
Gestational Surrogacy: Gestational surrogacy or gestational carrier is a preferred surrogacy treatment because here the child can share genetic relations with both the parents. In the process of gestational surrogacy, first IVF treatment is performed in which the eggs and the sperms of the intended parents are obtained for effectuating fertilization. The resulting embryo is transferred into the uterus of the surrogate mother who then carries the pregnancy to term. She relinquishes any rights on the child upon the delivery and the intended parents are considered as the legal parents of the child.
How Test tube baby differs from Surrogacy?
Both test-tube baby and surrogacy are famous fertility treatments as they offer the highest success rates and effective results to the patients. However, both the two fertility treatments are different from another on the basis of the method by which they are performed.
Here are some key differences between Test-tube baby and Surrogacy.
- Test-tube baby treatment fertilizing the eggs with the sperms in a lab environment and then implanting the resulting embryo inside the womb of the mother or a surrogate mother. Whereas, surrogacy involves explicitly using the services of another woman who carries the baby for another woman as she cannot do it herself due to various reasons or health issues.
- IVF or test-tube baby is performed by one method only and surrogacy can be arranged in two ways, which are the traditional method and the gestational method.
- In the test-tube baby, fertilization happens in a laboratory petri dish instead of the human body. On the other hand, traditional surrogacy involves fertilization inside the surrogate’s body as she uses her own eggs for fertilization.
- Test-tube baby treatment can cause damage to the ovaries of the woman, while there are fewer chances of ovarian damage in the traditional surrogacy treatment.
Go IVF Surrogacy is a prominent medical tourism company in India that provides superlative quality fertility treatments at affordable prices. Our fertility and IVF experts have extensive expertise in the domain of ART methods and have a proven record of performing various successful fertility treatments. We offer the highest success rates for both test-tube baby and surrogacy treatment in India, which is the reason why patients from developed countries choose our fertility services.